Flutter vs. React Native in 2023- A Detailed Comparison


Flutter vs. React Native in 2023- A Detailed Comparison

November 30, 2022 | By SYNARION IT

What is flutter?

Flutter is a comprehensive app software development kit that contains various widgets and tools. It is a portable UI toolkit. It allows users to create web or desktop apps that can run on IOS or android devices.

What is Flutter used for?

Flutter is a software that enables cross-platform app development. It allows users to build and install visually attractive applications for mobile phones (IOS, Android), desktops, and the web all through a single codebase.

Who developed Flutter Native?

Google developed Flutter.

Flutter Developed by Google

Flutter’s desktop support

  • When Flutter is used to develop desktop apps, you should compile the source code to a native macOS, windows, or Linux desktop app.
  • The desktop support of Flutter also offers plugins. Existing plugins can be installed that support Windows, macOS, or platforms Linux, or a unique one can be created.
  • The desktop support of Flutter is only available as a beta release, it consists of feature gaps. Developers can make attempts to try a beta snapshot or they can keep up with the latest changes to the supported desktop on the beta channel.

Flutter for Web

Flutter’s website delivers the exact experience on mobile as well as on the web. Applications can be built from the same codebase on browsers, android, or IOS.

You can use Flutter’s website for the following:-

  • Single Page Applications (SPA)- They load quickly and transmit data back and forth between internet services.
  • Progressive Web Apps (PWA)- Apps built with Flutter deliver high-quality performance, offline support, and desired user environment, including Installation and tailored UX.
  • Existing mobile applications- Flutter’s web support provides a delivery model that is browser-based for existing mobile apps.

More about Flutter

  • It is Free.
  • It is an open source.
  • It provides it’s own widgets and tools that have the ability to perform efficiently and are fast, customizable, and alluring.
  • It is based on Dart- a fast programming language that is easy to learn.
  • Flutter’s apps look great and are very easy to use, designed to provide the best customer experience.
  • Flutter was built by Google- a very well-reputed Multinational company.

History of Flutter

  • The first beta release of Flutter took place on February 2018
  • The second beta release took place on April 2018
  • The third beta release took place on May 2018 (Flutter joined GitHub’s top 100 repos)
  • Flutter released Preview 1 on June 2018
  • Flutter released Preview 2 on September 2018
  • Dart 2.1 was released in November 2018
  • Flutter 1.0 was released in December 2018 (a crucial milestone)
  • Flutter 1.2 was released in February 2019
  • Flutter 1.5 released in May 2019
  • Flutter 1.7 was released in July 2019
  • Flutter 1.9 released in September 2019
  • Flutter 2.2 was released in May 2021 (latest version)

Google kept updating the software rapidly, the team has worked restlessly to create a very resilient and strong toolkit. They prioritised high-speed performance and enhanced quality. Flutter 2.0 includes many changes made after listening to the user’s feedback. The developers continue to contribute towards its improvements. It is the most popular software and it is very stable.

Popular Apps made by Flutter:-

Popular Apps Build With Flutter

All of the apps listed below are available on the App store as well as on Google Play.

  • Google Ads app
  • Stadia app
  • Philips Hue
  • eBay motors
  • Xianyu by Alibaba
  • Hamilton
  • Groupon

What is React Native?

React Native is an open-source UI software that uses JavaScript.

What is React Native used for?

It is an effectual framework designed for

  • Cross-platform app development
  • Developing apps using JavaScript language
  • Building apps for both android and IOS through a single codebase
  • Note- The apps which are created using React Native are not mobile apps. React Native has the exact same UI building blocks fundamental as android and IOS apps. To develop apps with React Native, it is advised to use external libraries as it is the most well-suited

Who developed React Native?

Meta developed React Native.

Who Developed React Native

History of React Native

  • In the Summer of 2013, React Native was just considered Facebook’s internal project
  • In January 2015, React Native’s Preview 1 released
  • The official launch of React Native took place on March 2015
  • React native is older than flutter and therefore it has a bigger community. It has had more time to develop, improve and fix all underlying bug issues

Facebook is working on creating a lean core (reducing the size of an app by moving the components that are optional). It is also working on turbo modules, that is, improving the handling of native modules and it is working on redesigning the UI layer of the React Native fabric.

Popular apps made by React Native:-

Popular Apps Build With React Native

All of the apps listed below are available on the App store as well as on Google Play.

  • Facebook
  • Facebook ads Manager
  • Instagram
  • Skype
  • Pinterest
  • Bloomberg
  • Tesla

Pros of Flutter

  • Hot Reload- Flutter loads very quickly and offers a more fast and more dynamic app development. This is one of the main reasons why it is rated so highly. It is easier to make changes to the codebase and they reflect instantly. This is the hot reload feature as it takes very few seconds to show. This helps in fixing bugs and adding new features. The hot reload feature comes in handy whenever the developer feels like experimenting with new designs.
  • One codebase and two or more applications- Developers can write one codebase for two apps (android and iOS). Flutter has it’s own tools and widgets, so you can have the same app on two or more platforms.
  • Less testing- The process of quality assurance is sped up as the same application is available on both platforms, which means the same tests are run saving up more time and energy.
  • Faster apps- Flutter apps are known for their fast and efficient performance. Flutter’s UI is so smooth because most of it’s work is done on the graphics processing unit.
  • Creative designs- As mentioned earlier, Flutter has it’s own set of tools and widgets. Flutter apps have a user-friendly UI which is a notable advantage that it has over React Native. Flutter was created so that a developer could create or customize his own widgets.
  • Same app UI on all devices- The new apps look exactly the same as the old ones on iOS and Android systems, so it always supports older devices as well.
  • Minimum Viable Product- it is the perfect option for a developer who wants to build a minimum viable product on his app.

 Cons of Flutter

  • Size- React Native is a more experienced and established developer community. JavaScript is the preferred programming language and Dart is used less. The community of Flutter needs more time to understand it’s audience better and needs to attain more experience. Still, Flutter is expanding rapidly and there is a lot of excitement surrounding it’s toolkit.
  • Not as rich- Flutter is still new in the market, it still lacks some of the features that developers may take time to build.
  • Risk of the platform- Without the support of Google, Flutter would be nothing. Flutter has created a prominent role for itself so the chances of Google withdrawing support is very low.
  • App size- The apps written on Flutter are larger than the ones that are written on Native. The team is working on solving this problem and reducing the size of the apps to some extent.

  Pros of React Native

  • Fast coding – This is something that both Flutter and Native have in common. The hot reload feature allows a developer to introduce new codes directly into the app, hence, the changes can be seen instantly without having to rebuild the app. There is a feature known as fast refresh introduced in the 0.61 version of React Native which allows users to use hot reloading. This version is more resilient to making errors
  • One codebase and two or more applications- This feature is also the same as Flutter. Developers can write one code base for two apps (iOS and Android). JavaScript shares codes with web apps by creating components that are abstract and can be compiled to target platforms.
  • It uses the most popular programming language (JavaScript)- React Native uses JavaScript which developers prefer more. Dart is not so widely used.
  • Developer’s choice- React native allows developers to choose the solutions they want to use according to their preferences and requirements.
  • Relative maturity- React native was released before Flutter so it has had plenty of time to improve and fix its issues.
  • Easy to learn- React developers who use popular solutions and have a background in web development can work well with React Native without having to learn new patterns.

 Cons of React Native

  • It isn’t native- Since it is a cross-platform solution, the performance or experience won’t be the same as native apps but it will be close.
  • Fewer components- React Native supports only the basic components out of the box. Flutter supports more as it is designed to have much more widgets.
  • Developer’s freedom- It can work against you just as easily as it can work for you. A developer needs to decide which global state management and navigation package to use which is ultimately very time-consuming.
  • Many abandoned packages- React Native has many libraries, and because of low quality, many of them have been abandoned.
  • Fragile UI- After every update, the app components are upgraded which can break the UI of the app but the chances of that happening are very rare. The app UI of Flutter is much more stable.
  • Apps are bigger- Apps that are written in React Native are bigger as they don’t have the ability to run JavaScript codes.

  The future of Flutter and React Native:-

  • More companies are attracted to Flutter. The team developers of Flutter are constantly making new changes and upgrading it to improve it’s performance and tools. Flutter enables users to create apps for desktops and websites as well. Thus, the future seems to be in the favor of Flutter.
  • The team of React Native is doing it’s best to improve the features of the software. They have made some changes to the core framework like improved time interaction, easier to manage, etc.
  • Many developers are of the opinion that flutter is a bit more difficult to learn when compared to React Native. In Flutter, everything is a widget and they are more adaptive as they can be used across both platforms (iOS and Android). In React Native the components are pretty basic but they are not as adaptive when compared to Flutter. When it comes to performance, Flutter is preferred more as it is really fast because it is compiled to x86 or ARM libraries. React native is not compiled to a specific native code, thus it is a little less fast than Flutter. The components of React native are not always customizable and bugs take a lot more time to get fixed. Flutter devices can be fixed faster and are more active. The major advantage of Flutter over React Native is the lack of platform restrictions. Flutter and React Native both help reduce overall costs. Both of them have their own set of pros and cons. If developers are familiar with dart then it is easier for them to work with Flutter. Similarly, if they are familiar with JavaScript, then it is easier for them to work with React Native. If visual attractiveness is a priority, then Flutter is the better choice. It is better to discuss the pros and cons with other developers and use the one which fits right according to your app design, especially when it comes down to cross-platform development. Each of these tools has its own skill set and benefits many customers as both of them are great technologies.



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